Kerala Wild Life

Most of Kerala, whose native habitat consists of wet evergreen rainforests at lower elevations and highland deciduous and semi-evergreen forests in the east, is subject to a humid tropical climate. However, significant variations in terrain and elevation have resulted in a land whose biodiversity registers as among the world’s most significant. Most of Kerala’s biodiverse tracts of wilderness lie in the evergreen forests of its easternmost districts; coastal Kerala (along with portions of the east) mostly lies under cultivation and is home to comparatively little wildlife. Despite this, Kerala contains 9,400 km² of natural forests. Out of the approximately 7,500 km² of non-plantation forest cover, there are wild regions of tropical wet evergreen and semi-evergreen forests (lower and middle elevations — 3,470 km²), tropical moist and dry deciduous forests (mid-elevations — 4,100 km² and 100 km², respectively), and montane subtropical and temperate (shola) forests. Such forests together cover 24% of Kerala’s landmass. Kerala also hosts two of the world’s Ramsar Convention-listed wetlands: Lake Sasthamkotta and the Vembanad-Kol wetland are noted as being wetlands of international importance. There are also numerous protected conservation areas, including 1455.4 km² of the vast Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve.

National Park

  1. Eravikulam National Park
  2. Periyar National Park
  3. Silent Valley National Park
  4. Anamudi Shola National Park
  5. Mathikettan Shola National Park
  6. Pambadum Shola National Park

Biosphere Reserve

  1. Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve
  2. Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve

Wildlife Sanctuary

  1. Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary
  2. Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary
  3. Peechi-Vazhani Wildlife Sanctuary
  4. Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary
  5. Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary
  6. Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary
  7. Thattekad Bird Sanctuary
  8. Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary
  9. Chimmini Wildlife sanctuary
  10. Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary
  11. Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary
  12. Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary
  13. Mangalavanam Bird Sanctuary
  14. Kurinjimala Sanctuary
  15. Culannur Wildlife Sanctuary
  16. Malabar Wildlife Sanctuary


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